A diplomate of the American Board of Periodontology, Jeffrey Felzer, DMD, treats patients at his private practice in Wilmington, Delaware. Dr. Jeffrey Felzer addresses serious oral health problems such as advanced periodontal disease.
The term “periodontal disease” denotes infection and inflammation of the gum tissue. It’s caused by plaque composed of bacteria and other materials that form on teeth and harm oral health. Periodontal disease can vary from relatively mild to very severe cases that can undermine entire teeth.
In its severe form, periodontal disease is called periodontitis. It occurs when oral infection has progressed such that the gums begin to recede from the teeth, creating empty space that bacteria move into. Plaque begins to build up under the gums, and as the immune system struggles to fight the infection, the connective and bone tissues that secure teeth degrade, potentially leading to the loss of the tooth or teeth.
Fortunately, oral health professionals can effectively treat periodontal disease and even periodontitis. To do so, they may suggest antibacterial medications to clear up the infection, and in some cases, flap surgery.